The scientific study of measurement is known as metrology. Standards for the control of measurements and measuring equipment are provided by legal metrology. Legal metrology is crucial for fair trade and simultaneously protects the environment, customers, merchants, and public safety.
According to the Legal Metrology Act of 2009, all packaged goods sold or distributed in India, including Manufacture,export and Import, goods, food items, and consumer products, must have a Legal Metrology Certificate issued by the Metrology Department of Consumer Affairs.
The use of weights and measures has expanded as a result of significant improvements in weighing and measuring methods brought about by scientific and technological advances.
1.The 2011 Legal Metrology (General) Rules - It includes information on over 40 various kinds of scales and measuring tools, including electronic scales, weighbridges, fuel pumps, water metres, sphygmomanometers, and clinical thermometers. Using the Standard Weights and Measures and the procedure provided in the Rules, State Government employees examine these weighing and measuring devices on a regular basis.
2.Regulations for Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities), 2011 - Prior to the product being sold, it imposes certain labelling criteria and governs the pre-packed goods in India. The following specific declarations must be made on every package in order to comply with this rule:
In the case of imported packages, the manufacturer's name, packer's name, and importer's country of origin
Commodity's common or generic name and the package's net quantity in terms of standard units of weight, measure, or count
Month and year of import, manufacture, and packaging
Maximum Retail Price (MRP), which is the retail sale price, is Rs... inclusive of all taxes.
Customer care information.
3.Rules for Model Approval in Legal Metrology, 2011 - According to a rule created by the Central Government under the Legal Metrology Act of 2009, pre-packaged items must contain affirmations and other information in addition to standard measures or figures.
4.Rules for Legal Metrology (National Standards), 2011 - It is a framework that the Central Government has established to specify I the requirements for base units of measurement and base units of mass,
(ii) various standards, and
(iii) the intervals for norm-verification.
5.Regulations for Legal Metrology (Numeration), 2011 - This clause addresses numeration and the proper way to write numbers.
6.Rules for the Indian Institute of Legal Metrology, 2011 - Under the direction of this agency, the Indian Institute of Legal Metrology in Ranchi serves as a training facility for legal metrology officers employed by Indian states, union territories, and local governments. These rules contain provisions defining the Institute's required activities, the courses that must be taught there, and the requirements for applicants to the Institute.
7.The 2013 Rules for Legal Metrology (Government Approved Test Centers) - The approval of GATCs developed by private parties for the State Government Officers' verification of certain weights and measures is governed by the Government Approved Test Centre (GATC) Rules. With reference to the verification by these regulations' weights and measures:
automatic rail weighbridge, tape measure
non-automatic weighing instrument with accuracy class-IIII/class-III (up to 150 kg)
Anyone who works with weighing and measuring devices must register with the legal metrology office. It can be used in the following three capacities:
1.Company Registration - Under legal metrology, any business engaged in the manufacture, importation, or packaging of weighables and measurement devices must register.
2. Certificate of Registration of Importer of Weights and Measuring Instruments
is required before anyone may export their weighing and measuring instruments or sell them on the Indian market. Only goods that are standardly packaged may be imported into India. It includes registration for importers under general rules, for packers and importers (registration for packaging and warehouses), and for businesses under legal metrology.
3.Registration of Manufacturer, Importer, and Packers (Packaging and Warehouses) - For products with labels that fall under the jurisdiction of Legal Metrology Certification, the specific company needs to obtain or renew a packaging and warehouse registration.
It is necessary to obtain five step registrations from the LM department for products that relate to weight and measurement, such as weighing machines.
Anyone who violates regulations 27 through 31 will be charged a fine of 4,000 rupees. If the violation was committed by a company, each director or person in charge will be held individually liable.
It is crucial to remember that Rule 27 requires registration for all "pre-packed commodities." Even though the Legal Metrology Act of 2009 contains a definition, there is some ambiguity in how the term is applied. Despite multiple High Courts and the Supreme Court trying to define the term in various Judicial Precedents, firms/entities still struggle to follow the rules' requirements since they are unclear.
ACTIVITY OF LEGAL METROLOGY
Keep consumers safe from dishonest merchants.
Provide guidelines for the regulation of measures and measuring equipment.
Licenses for weights and measures makers, repairers, and dealers are issued and renewed.
verification, marking, and payment of verification fees for weighing and measuring equipment
To get rid of the illegal and non-standard weights and measures, officials carry out suprise inspections, seizures, and raids.
Additionally, it puts into effect the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules of 2011, which mandates that all packaged goods and containers bear declarations containing information such as net weight, volume, length, maximum retail price, and manufacture/packaging date.
All users of weights, measures, and measuring devices must have them validated every year.
Food products, electronics, and both durable and non-durable consumer goods can all use PCR. According to Rule 27 of the Legal Metrology (Packed Commodity) Rules 2011, anyone who pre-packs any commodity in a bottle, tin wrapper, etc. must register with either the Director of Legal Metrology or the Controller of Legal Metrology.
packaging for products with capacities greater than 25g or 25 litres.
Packaged goods are intended for institutional or commercial users.
Sales are made of bags containing more than 50 kg of agricultural supplies, fertiliser, and cement.
REQUIRED DOCUMENTS FOR A PCR Application:
List of information and documents needed to apply for a PCR importer/Manufacture licence.
All Warehouse information
Name of the item and HSN code
Packing materials, slips, stickers, and labels that are applied to parcels, as well as the company's memorandum of association and, for partnerships, the partnership deed. * Two photographs of each director and each partner
evidence of company address
Director Pasport photo
applicant's evidence of residence
GOALS OF LEGAL METROLOGY:
The following goals were set for this Act when it went into effect:
To control weights and measurements used in trade and commerce.
To establish and uphold the weights-and-measurements standards.
To impose weight, measure, or numerical restrictions on producers, sales, and usage of products.
To logically justify the metric system.
WHAT ID PRE-PACKED COMMODITY?
Pre-packaged commodities include any product of any kind that is put into a container without the buyer being present so that the product within has a predetermined quantity, whether the container is sealed or not.
What are the requirement while purchaging the Imported Items ?
The mandatory declarations that must be made on a packet that has been imported and is available for sale are as follows:
Name and address of the manufacturer, packer, or importer.
ii. The commodities' generic and popular names.
iii. Net quantity expressed in terms of the Standard Unit of Weight or Measurement.
iv. Month and Year of Importing and Packing.
Maximum Retail Price MRP Rs........... (Inclusive of All Taxes).
vi. The manufacturer, packer, or importer's phone number and email address.
vii. The Declaration may be printed on the package itself or on a Label that is firmly attached to it.
Declaratory text must be printed in Hindi or English, respectively.
Can a person sell or use unstamped weights or measures ?
No weights or measures may be sold, exposed, possessed for sale, utilised, or retained for use in any transaction or for protection unless they have been verified and stamped, and only by a manufacturer/dealer or Legal Metrology Officer who is a licenced individual.
Can a dealer charge legally more than the maximum retail price mentioned on the package?
No, the trader can be charged with an offence for overcharging.
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